Municipal Health Services is the assessment, correction, control and prevention of factors in the environment that can adversely affect human health.
It is concerned amongst other things with the investigation of outbreak of diseases and monitoring of factors in the environment affecting health. Health Promotion is an integral part of MHS as it has an important role to play in mitigating preventable diseases through improvements in managing the environment.
Investigation of outbreaks of disease, monitoring of the environment, food control and health promotion are provided by environmental health practitioners
Municipal Health Functions
Section 32 of the National Health Act, 2003 (Act 61 of 2003) as amended defines Municipal Health Services in terms of nine key components:
This function is concerned with:
Food Control is as a mandatory regulatory activity of enforcement to provide consumer protection and ensure that all foods during production, handling, storage, processing and distribution are safe, wholesome for human consumption; conform to quality and safety requirements and are honestly and accurately labelled as prescribed by law. It briefly involves the following:
This relates to monitoring waste management systems: handling, storage, transportation, and disposal of industrial and domestic solid waste, including health care risk waste, hazardous waste and effluents. It involves the following:
This concerns identification and monitoring of health risks, nuisances and hazards and instituting remedial and preventative measures in various premises. This is done by conducting health inspections at these premises:
This relates to matters of prevention of water, air, soil and noise pollution including radiation hazard control. It’s concerned with:
This is concerned with the surveillance of communicable diseases, conducting investigations aimed at prevention of disease outbreaks in communities. It involves among other things the following:
This component involves routine surveillance, identification and eradication of vector breeding areas. Examples of vectors are, rodents, insects, pests, etc. This involves:
This component is concerned with the control and inspection of funeral undertakers, embalmers, crematoria and mortuaries. It also includes regulation and control of graves, cemeteries, crematoria and management of exhumations. Among other things it’s also concerned with:
This component relates to matters of safe handling, use and disposal of chemicals. Also the identification and control of premises dealing with manufacturing, transport and storage of chemicals. It involves:
Citizens must call or visit ADM offices for further information or for lodging health complaints.